Figure 1-1. Prevalence of drinking in the past 30 days, by sex, 1991–2019.

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Prevalence of drinking in the past 30 days, by sex, 1991–2019.


Data for figure 1-1 are presented in Tables 1-11-2, and 1-3 respectively.
[Fitted trends result from joinpoint regression (see the methods section for detail).]
[The shaded area marks the implementation of a major redesign to the NSDUH survey in 1999 and methodological changes in 2002.]

 

Figure 1-2. NSDUH: Prevalence of drinking in the past 30 days among 12- to 20-year-olds, by sex and age group, 1991–2019.

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NSDUH: Prevalence of drinking in the past 30 days among 12- to 20-year-olds, by sex and age group, 1991–2019

Data for figure 1-2 are presented in Table 1-1.
[Fitted trends result from joinpoint regression (see the methods section for detail).]
[Shaded areas mark the implementation of a major redesign to the NSDUH survey in 1999 and methodological changes in 2002.]

 

Figure 1-3. NSDUH: Prevalence of drinking in the past 30 days among 12- to 20-year-olds, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1991–2019.

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NSDUH: Prevalence of drinking in the past 30 days among 12- to 20-year-olds, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1991–2019.

Data for figure 1-3 are presented in Table 1-1.
[Shaded areas mark the implementation of a major redesign to the NSDUH survey in 1999 and methodological changes in 2002.]

 

Figure 1-4. NSDUH: Prevalence of drinking in the past 30 days among 12- to 20-year-olds, by school enrollment status, 1991–2019.

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NSDUH: Prevalence of drinking in the past 30 days among 12- to 20-year-olds, by school enrollment status, 1991–2019.

Data for figure 1-4 are presented on the following page.
[The shaded area marks the implementation of a major redesign to the NSDUH survey in 1999 and methodological changes in 2002.]

 

Figure 1-5. NSDUH: Prevalence of drinking in the past 30 days among 12- to 20-year-olds, by age, sex, and race/Hispanic origin, 2019.

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NSDUH: Prevalence of drinking in the past 30 days among 12- to 20-year-olds, by age, sex, and race/Hispanic origin, 2019.

Data for figure 1-5 are presented in Table 1-1.

 

Figure 1-6. YRBS: Prevalence of drinking in the past 30 days, by grade and sex, 2019.

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YRBS: Prevalence of drinking in the past 30 days, by grade and sex, 2019.

Data for figure 1-6 are presented in Table 1-3.

 

Figure 2-1. NSDUH and YRBS: Prevalence of initiating drinking at age 12 or younger, by sex, 1991–2019.

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NSDUH and YRBS: Prevalence of initiating drinking at age 12 or younger, by sex, 1991–2019.

Data for figure 2-1 are presented in Tables 2-2 and 2-3.
[Shaded areas mark the implementation of a major redesign to the NSDUH survey in 1999 and methodological changes in 2002.]

 

Figure 2-2. NSDUH: Median age at first use of alcohol among 12- to 20-year-olds, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1991–2019 (based on 3-year moving averages).

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NSDUH: Median age at first use of alcohol among 12- to 20-year-olds, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1991–2019 (based on 3-year moving

Data for figure 2-2 are presented in Table 2-1.
[Shaded areas mark the implementation of a major redesign to the NSDUH survey in 1999 and methodological changes in 2002.]

 

Figure 2-3. NSDUH: Median age at first use of alcohol among 12- to 20-year-olds, by school enrollment status, 1991–2019.

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 NSDUH: Median age at first use of alcohol among 12- to 20-year-olds, by school enrollment status, 1991–2019.

Data for figure 2-3 are presented on the following page.
[The shaded area marks the implementation of a major redesign to the NSDUH survey in 1999 and methodological changes in 2002.]

 

Figure 3-1. NSDUH: Mean frequency of drinking in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1991–2019 (based on 3-year moving averages).

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NSDUH: Mean frequency of drinking in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1991–2019


Data for figure 3-1 are presented in Table 3.
[Shaded areas mark the implementation of a major redesign to the NSDUH survey in 1999 and methodological changes in 2002.]

 

Figure 3-2. NSDUH: Mean frequency of drinking in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by age, sex, and race/Hispanic origin, 2017–2019 (based on 3-year averages).

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NSDUH: Mean frequency of drinking in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by age, sex, and race/Hispanic origin, 2017–2019

Data for figure 3-2 are presented in Table 3.

 

Figure 4-1. NSDUH: Mean quantity on drinking days in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1991–2019 (based on 3-year moving averages).

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NSDUH: Mean quantity on drinking days in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1991–2019


Data for figure 4-1 are presented in Table 4.
[Shaded areas mark the implementation of a major redesign to the NSDUH survey in 1999 and methodological changes in 2002.]

 

Figure 4-2. NSDUH: Mean quantity on drinking days in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by age, sex, and race/Hispanic origin, 2017–2019 (based on 3-year averages).

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NSDUH: Mean quantity on drinking days in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by age, sex, and race/Hispanic origin, 2017–2019

Data for figure 4-2 are presented in Table 4.

 

Figure 5-1. NSDUH: Average total number of drinks in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1991–2019 (based on 3-year moving averages).

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NSDUH: Average total number of drinks in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1991–2019


Data for figure 5-1 are presented in Table 5.
[Shaded areas mark the implementation of a major redesign to the NSDUH survey in 1999 and methodological changes in 2002.]

 

Figure 5-2. NSDUH: Average total number of drinks in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by age, sex, and race/Hispanic origin, 2017–2019 (based on 3-year averages).

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NSDUH: Average total number of drinks in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by age, sex, and race/Hispanic origin, 2017–2019

Data for figure 5-2 are presented in Table 5.

 

Figure 6-1. Prevalence of binge drinking, by sex, 1991–2019.

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Prevalence of binge drinking, by sex, 1991–2019.


Data for figure 6-1 are presented in Tables 6-16-2, and 6-3 respectively.
[Fitted trends result from joinpoint regression (see the methods section for detail).]
[The shaded area marks the implementation of a major redesign to the NSDUH survey in 1999 and methodological changes in 2002.]
Note: The threshold for females was changed to consumption of 4 or more drinks on an occasion in the past 30 days beginning in NSDUH 2015 and YRBS 2017.

 

Figure 6-2. NSDUH: Prevalence of binge drinking in the past 30 days among 12- to 20-year-olds, by sex and age group, 1991–2019.

Image
 NSDUH: Prevalence of binge drinking in the past 30 days among 12- to 20-year-olds, by sex and age group, 1991–2019.


Data for figure 6-2 are presented in Table 6-1.
[Fitted trends result from joinpoint regression (see the methods section for detail).]
[Shaded areas mark the implementation of a major redesign to the NSDUH survey in 1999 and methodological changes in 2002.]
Note: The threshold for females was changed to consumption of 4 or more drinks on an occasion in the past 30 days beginning in NSDUH 2015.

 

Figure 6-3. NSDUH: Prevalence of binge drinking in the past 30 days among 12- to 20-year-olds, by age, sex, and race/Hispanic origin, 2019.

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NSDUH: Prevalence of binge drinking in the past 30 days among 12- to 20-year-olds, by age, sex, and race/Hispanic origin, 2019.

Data for figure 6-3 are presented in Table 6-1.
Note: The threshold for females was changed to consumption of 4 or more drinks on an occasion in the past 30 days beginning in NSDUH 2015.

 

Figure 6-4. YRBS: Prevalence of binge drinking in the past 30 days, by grade and sex, 2019.

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YRBS: Prevalence of binge drinking in the past 30 days, by grade and sex, 2019.

Data for figure 6-4 are presented in Table 6-3.
Note: The threshold for females was changed to consumption of 4 or more drinks in a row in the past 30 days beginning in YRBS 2017.

 

Figure 6-5. NSDUH: Mean number of binge drinking days in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1991–2019 (based on 3-year moving averages).

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NSDUH: Mean number of binge drinking days in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1991–2019


Data for figure 6-5 are presented in Table 6-4.
[Shaded areas mark the implementation of a major redesign to the NSDUH survey in 1999 and methodological changes in 2002.]
Note: The threshold for females was changed to consumption of 4 or more drinks on an occasion in the past 30 days beginning in NSDUH 2015.

 

Figure 6-6. NSDUH: Mean number of binge drinking days in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by school enrollment status, 1991–2019 (based on 3-year moving averages).

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NSDUH: Mean number of binge drinking days in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by school enrollment status, 1991–2019

Data for figure 6-6 are presented on the following page.
[The shaded area marks the implementation of a major redesign to the NSDUH survey in 1999 and methodological changes in 2002.]
Note: The threshold for females was changed to consumption of 4 or more drinks on an occasion in the past 30 days beginning in NSDUH 2015.

 

Figure 6-7. NSDUH: Frequency of binge drinking in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by category (0 days, 1–2 days, 3–4 days, 5+ days), sex, and race/Hispanic origin, 1991–2019 (based on 3-year moving averages).

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NSDUH: Frequency of binge drinking in the past 30 days among current drinkers ages 12–20, by category

Data for figure 6-7 are presented on the following page.
[Shaded areas mark the implementation of a major redesign to the NSDUH survey in 1999 and methodological changes in 2002.]
Note: The threshold for females was changed to consumption of 4 or more drinks on an occasion in the past 30 days beginning in NSDUH 2015.

 

Figure 6-8. MTF: Prevalence of binge drinking (5+ drinks in a row) and extreme binge (high-intensity) drinking (10+ and 15+ drinks in a row) in the past 2 weeks among 12th graders, 2005–2019.

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MTF: Prevalence of binge drinking (5+ drinks in a row) and extreme binge (high-intensity) drinking (10+ and 15+ drinks in a row) in the past 2 weeks among 12th graders, 2005–2019.

Data for figure 6-8 are presented on the following page.
Note: The question of 5+ drinks in a row was asked of full sample, but the questions of 10+ and 15+ drinks in a row were asked of one-sixth of the sample.

 

Figure 7. MTF: Prevalence of having been drunk or very high from drinking alcoholic beverages in the past 30 days among 8th, 10th, and 12th graders, by sex, 1991–2019.

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MTF: Prevalence of having been drunk or very high from drinking alcoholic beverages in the past 30 days among 8th, 10th, and 12th graders, by sex, 1991–2019.

Data for figure 7 are presented in Table 7.
Note: The question was asked of only about half the 8th and 10th grade sample for 1991–1996. It was asked of the full sample for 1997–2019. For 12th graders, the question was asked of about one-third of the sample for 1991–2019.

 

Figure 8-1a. MTF: Percent distribution of disapproval toward taking 1 or 2 drinks nearly every day among 8th, 10th, and 12th graders, by sex, 1991–2019.

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MTF: Percent distribution of disapproval toward taking 1 or 2 drinks nearly every day among 8th, 10th, and 12th graders, by sex, 1991–2019.


Data for figure 8-1a are presented on the following page.
Note: The question was asked of only about half the 8th and 10th grade sample for 1991–1996. It was asked of the full sample for 1997–2019. For 12th graders, the question was asked of about two-thirds of the sample for 1991–2019.

 

Figure 8-1b. MTF: Percent distribution of disapproval toward having 5 or more drinks once or twice each weekend among 8th, 10th, and 12th graders, by sex, 1991–2019.

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MTF: Percent distribution of disapproval toward having 5 or more drinks once or twice each weekend among 8th, 10th, and 12th graders, by sex, 1991–2019.


Data for figure 8-1b are presented on the following page.
Note: The question was asked of only about half the 8th and 10th grade sample for 1991–1996. It was asked of the full sample for 1997–2019. For 12th graders, the question was asked of about two-thirds of the sample for 1991–2019.

 

Figure 8-2a. MTF: Percent distribution of perceived risk of harm by having 1 or 2 drinks nearly every day among 8th, 10th, and 12th graders, by sex, 1991–2019.

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MTF: Percent distribution of perceived risk of harm by having 1 or 2 drinks nearly every day among 8th, 10th, and 12th graders, by sex, 1991–2019.


Data for figure 8-2a are presented on the following page.
Note: The question was asked of only about half the 8th and 10th grade sample for 1991–1996. It was asked of the full sample for 1997–2019. For 12th graders, the question was asked of about five-sixths of the sample for 1991–2019.

 

Figure 8-2b. MTF: Percent distribution of perceived risk of harm by having 5 or more drinks once or twice each weekend among 8th, 10th, and 12th graders, by sex, 1991–2019.

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MTF: Percent distribution of perceived risk of harm by having 5 or more drinks once or twice each weekend among 8th, 10th, and 12th graders, by sex, 1991–2019.


Data for figure 8-2b are presented on the following page.
Note: The question was asked of only about half the 8th and 10th grade sample for 1991–1996. It was asked of the full sample for 1997–2019. For 12th graders, the question was asked of about five-sixths of the sample for 1991–2019.

 

Figure 8-2c. NSDUH: Percent distribution of perceived risk of harm by having 5 or more drinks once or twice a week among 12- and 20-year-olds, by sex, 1991–2019.

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NSDUH: Percent distribution of perceived risk of harm by having 5 or more drinks once or twice a week among 12- and 20-year-olds, by sex, 1991–2019.

Data for figure 8-2c are presented on the following page.
[Shaded areas mark the implementation of a major redesign to the NSDUH survey in 1999 and methodological changes in 2002.]

 

Figure 9-1a. NSDUH: Prevalence of driving a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or in combination of illegal drugs in the past 12 months among 12- to 20-year-olds, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1995–2019.

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NSDUH: Prevalence of driving a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or in combination of illegal drugs in the past 12 months among 12- to 20-year-olds, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1995–2019.


Data for figure 9-1a are presented in Table 8.
[Shaded areas mark the implementation of a major redesign to the NSDUH survey in 1999 and methodological changes in 2002.]

 

Figure 9-1b. YRBS: Prevalence of driving after drinking alcohol in the past 30 days, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1991–2019.

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YRBS: Prevalence of driving after drinking alcohol in the past 30 days, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1991–2019.

Data for figure 9-1b are presented on the following page.

 

Figure 9-1c. YRBS: Prevalence of riding in a car driven by someone who had been drinking in the past 30 days, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1991–2019.

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YRBS: Prevalence of riding in a car driven by someone who had been drinking in the past 30 days, by sex and race/Hispanic origin, 1991–2019.

Data for figure 9-1c are presented on the following page.

 

Figure 9-2. YRBS: Prevalence of drinking alcohol or using drugs before last sexual intercourse, by sex, 1991–2019.

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YRBS: Prevalence of drinking alcohol or using drugs before last sexual intercourse, by sex, 1991–2019.

Data for figure 9-2 are presented on the following page.

 

Figure 9-3. NSDUH: Prevalence of drinking and activity with risk of physical danger in the past 12 months among 12- to 20-year-olds, by sex, 2000–2019.

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NSDUH: Prevalence of drinking and activity with risk of physical danger in the past 12 months among 12- to 20-year-olds, by sex, 2000–2019.

Data for figure 9-3 are presented on the following page.
[The shaded area marks the implementation of methodological changes to the NSDUH survey in 2002.]

 

Figure 9-4. NSDUH: Prevalence of drinking and getting into legal trouble in the past 12 months among 12- to 20-year-olds, by sex, 2000–2019.

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NSDUH: Prevalence of drinking and getting into legal trouble in the past 12 months among 12- to 20-year-olds, by sex, 2000–2019.

Data for figure 9-4 are presented on the following page.
[The shaded area marks the implementation of methodological changes to the NSDUH survey in 2002.]

 

Figure 9-5. NSDUH: Prevalence in the past 12 months of problems with family or friends caused by drinking among 12- to 20-year-olds, by sex, 2000–2019.

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NSDUH: Prevalence in the past 12 months of problems with family or friends caused by drinking among 12- to 20-year-olds, by sex, 2000–2019.

Data for figure 9-5 are presented on the following page.
[The shaded area marks the implementation of methodological changes to the NSDUH survey in 2002.]

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